What is Epilepsy?

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Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed. This can lead to reoccurring seizures due to surges of electrical activity taking place in the brain.  

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Today, there are several types of epileptic diseases. They are defined according to: 

1

2

3

3 Specific characteristics

of the crisis 

The age at which the disorder appears

(pediatric and adult)

Their underlying cause

(presumed or proven)

Seizures are usually recurrent and manifest as brief episodes of involuntary tremors affecting one part of the body (partial seizures) or the whole body (generalized seizures). 

 

Seizures vary in intensity, ranging from brief attention losses to large seizures. They also vary in frequency: from less than once a year to several times a day. 

What are the symptoms of epilepsy?

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In epilepsy, we observe:

Headache | Epilepsy | Seizure | Neurology

1

Disorientation or loss of consciousness.

2

Disorders of movement or sensations (visual, auditory, gustatory). 

3

Mood disorders or cognitive functions, which can lead to physical problems such as fractures or hematomas due to seizures. A higher trend of psychosocial disorders, such as anxiety or depression, is also observed. 

~50 million

people have epilepsy
globally.

~5 million

people are diagnosed
each year globally.

~3.4 million

people have epilepsy
in the US.

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How to diagnose epilepsy?

The time span of diagnosing Epilepsy can vary. The process begins with an initial consultation with your doctor to discuss symptoms and if needed, additional tests such as an electroencephalogram (EEG) may then be ordered to confirm the diagnosis. 

 

The EEG makes it possible to observe the cerebral electrical activity through electrodes placed on the surface of the skull. This examination can sometimes be performed under certain special conditions aimed at triggering abnormal neuronal activity. An EEG is simple, non-invasive, and painless. 

 

In addition, the doctor may also use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or CT scan to detect the possible causes of Epilepsy as well as the impact of seizures on brain structures.

Neuronaute + ICECap | EEG device
 
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