Gaius Julius Caesar: Epilepsy

Updated: Apr 22

by Cloe Gray, Ph.D., Senior Medical Writer at BioSerenity | Dec 20, 2021 | Neurology

Gaius Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar, who ruled Rome as a dictator from 49 BC until his assassination in 44 BC, is thought to have suffered from epilepsy. Caesar had at least four bouts of complex partial (focal) seizures in his lifetime, twice on military campaigns. Suetonius and Plutarch, writing after Caesar’s death, said that Caesar suffered from “fits” or “attacks” that could be attributed to epileptic seizures. While epileptic seizures can be significant in their impact, this health issue did not prevent Julius Caesar from achieving some of the highest honors of his times.

Other evidence indicates that Caesar suffered from cerebrovascular disease. Because Caesar died so long ago, we will never be certain.


There are approximately 1.2 million people in the United States living with epilepsy. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by abnormal neuronal activity that manifests in seizures, unusual behavior, and lack of awareness of one’s surroundings. Epilepsy can be caused by a head injury, stroke, brain tumor, genetic or immunological factors, or an infection within the brain such as meningitis or encephalitis. Epilepsy also may have an unknown cause and so therefore is idiopathic. Epilepsy is usually diagnosed by performing an electroencephalogram, or EEG. Treatment of epilepsy usually involves anti-epileptic drugs that either decrease neuronal excitation or increase neuronal inhibition. For drug-resistant epilepsy, surgery and/or diet (such as the ketogenic diet) can be further treatment options. If seizures go uncontrolled, status epilepticus (seizures that last longer than 5 minutes), injury, or even death, can occur. This fatal outcome is termed sudden unexplained death for someone with epilepsy, or SUDEP.

How can BioSerenity help with the diagnosis of epilepsy or other neurological disorders?

Neuronaute®, BioSerenity’s latest innovation, is EEG made simple. The Neuronaute® system and the Immediate Care Encephalography Cap- ICECap® assist healthcare professionals in quickly assessing patients with a suspected neurological disorder. The system facilitates increased access to care; enabling patients to be tested anytime and anywhere. It features quick patient connection, wireless transmission, cloud-based access, and Artificial Intelligence to support clinical decisions. The data can be monitored on a user-friendly interface using an iPad or computer. The Neuronaute® can be used in the hospital, clinic, or in the home to allow for quick diagnosis of seizure activity.

About BioSerenity

Headquartered in Paris, France and Atlanta, GA, USA, BioSerenity is an innovative med tech company and leader in Tech based Healthcare as a Service. We focus on Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), A.I. (Artificial Intelligence) and producing real-world evidence in Neurology, Sleep Medicine, and Cardiology. BioSerenity offers diagnostic solutions to healthcare providers and patients in the USA, Europe and Caribbean. BioSerenity is also the preferred provider for several Contract Research Organizations (CROs) and prominent university medical facilities across the US, France, and other parts of the world.

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